A Activity diagram used in UML 6/9 and SysML B Bachman diagram Booch used in software engineering Block diagram Block Definition Diagram BDD used in SysML C Carroll diagram Cartogram Catalytic cycle Chemical equation Curly arrow diagram Category theory diagrams Cause-and-effect diagram Chord diagram Circuit diagram Class diagram from UML 1/9 Collaboration diagram from UML 2.0 Communication diagram from UML 2.0 Commutative diagram Comparison diagram Component diagram from UML 3/9 Composite structure diagram from UML 2.0 Concept map Constellation diagram Context diagram Control flow diagram Contour diagram Cordier diagram Cross functional flowchart D Data model diagram Data flow diagram Data structure diagram Dendrogram Dependency diagram Deployment diagram from UML 9/9 Dot and cross diagram Double bubble map used in education Drakon-chart E Entity-Relationship diagram ERD Event-driven process chain Euler diagram Eye diagram a diagram of a received telecommunications signal Express-G Extended Functional Flow Block Diagram EFFBD F Family tree Feynman diagram Flow chart Flow process chart Flow diagram Fusion diagram Free body diagram G Gantt chart shows the timing of tasks or activities used in project management Grotrian diagram Goodman diagram shows the fatigue data example: for a wind turbine blades H Hasse diagram HIPO diagram I Internal Block Diagram IBD used in SysML IDEF0 IDEF1 entity relations Interaction overview diagram from UML Ishikawa diagram J Jackson diagram K Karnaugh map Kinematic diagram L Ladder diagram Line of balance Link grammar diagram M Martin ERD Message Sequence Chart Mind map used for learning, brainstorming, memory, visual thinking and problem solving Minkowski spacetime diagram Molecular orbital diagram N N2 Nassi Shneiderman diagram or structogram a representation for structured programming Nomogram Network diagram O Object diagram from UML 2/9 Organigram Onion diagram also known as "stacked Venn diagram" P Package diagram from UML 4/9 and SysML Parametric diagram from SysML PERT Petri net shows the structure of a distributed system as a directed bipartite graph with annotations Phylogenetic tree - represents a phylogeny evolutionary relationships among groups of organisms Piping and instrumentation diagram P&ID Phase diagram used to present solid/liquid/gas information Plant Diagram Pressure volume diagram used to analyse engines Pourbaix diagram Process flow diagram or PFD used in chemical engineering Program structure diagram R Radar chart Radial Diagram Requirement Diagram Used in SysML Rich Picture R-diagram Routing diagram S Sankey diagram represents material, energy or cost flows with quantity proportional arrows in a process network. Sentence diagram represents the grammatical structure of a natural language sentence. Sequence diagram from UML 8/9 and SysML SDL/GR diagram Specification and Description Language. SDL is a formal language used in computer science. Smith chart Spider chart Spray diagram SSADM Structured Systems Analysis and Design Methodology used in software engineering Star chart/Celestial sphere State diagram are used for state machines in software engineering from UML 7/9 Swim lane Syntax diagram used in software engineering to represent a context-free grammar Systems Biology Graphical Notation a graphical notation used in diagrams of biochemical and cellular processes studied in Systems biology System context diagram System structure Systematic layout planning T Timing Diagram: Digital Timing Diagram Timing Diagram: UML 2.0 TQM Diagram Treemap U UML diagram Unified Modeling Language used in software engineering Use case diagram from UML 5/9 and SysML V Value Stream Mapping Venn diagram Voronoi diagram W Warnier-Orr Williot diagram Y Yourdon-Coad see Edward Yourdon, used in software engineering
BASIC NEC CODE RULES AND DESIGN PRACTICE Wire Ampacity and Size 1. Maximum loading for any branch circuit is 80% of rating of circuit for ampacity of wire for any load. NEC 220 2, use NEC 310 16 for ampacity. This applies to not more than 3 phase conductors in 1 conduit.
Electrical codes and standards. The NFPA® family of codes and standards that deal with electrical issues are as dynamic as the subjects they address—including NFPA 70®, National Electrical Code® (NEC®), NFPA 70B, Recommended Practice for Electrical Equipment Maintenance, and NFPA 70E®, Standard for Electrical Safety in the Workplace®.
Low voltage (no more than 30 volts) wiring must be buried at least 6 inches deep. Buried wiring runs that transition from underground to above ground must be protected in conduit from the required cover depth or 18 inches (whichever is less) to its termination point above ground, or at least 8 feet above grade.
This article is part 4 in a series that reviews some of the more significant revisions and new requirements in the next National Electrical Code (NEC). Part 4 provides a review of some significant changes in articles contained in Chapter 2, Wiring and Protection, and Chapter 3, Wiring and Methods and Materials.
What are NEiS? National Electrical Installation Standards are the first quality standards for electrical construction, developed by the National Electrical Contractors Association (NECA), in partnership with several industry organizations, to clearly define the actions needed to perform an installation in a “neat and workmanlike manner”, as often referenced in the NEC.
NFPA 70 ®, National Electrical Code ® (NEC ®), sets the foundation for electrical safety. The revised 2020 edition of this trusted code reflects the dynamic nature of the industry, incorporating more than 3,700 public inputs and 1,900 comments, resulting in hundreds of updates and four all new articles related to emerging issues like emergency disconnects, ground fault circuit interrupter protection, surge protection, power over Ethernet, and more.
NEC Color Code for the US in DC Power Electrical Wiring Similar to the AC power systems, the NEC also has suggested a mandatory color code for neutral conductor and protective earth or ground. In case of neutral conductor, the color can be White or Grey and for protective earth, the color is Green, Green – Yellow or Bare conductor.
ANSI IEEE Standard Device Numbers 1 Master Element 2 Time Delay Starting or Closing Relay 3 Checking or Interlocking Relay 4 Master Contactor 5 Stopping Device 6 Starting Circuit Breaker 7 – Rate of Change Relay 8 Control Power Disconnecting Device 9 Reversing Device 10 Unit Sequence Switch 11 – Multifunction Device
For wires that will be 120, 208 or 240 volts, the following wiring color standards are used. It is important to note that with this type of wiring, there are multiple phases in place, each of which will get its own color wire to make it clear what it is for those working on it. Phase 1 Phase 1 wiring should be black.